Are anti-tip brackets required on ranges?
Before I answer that question, I better explain what an anti-tip bracket is. In short, it’s an aptly-named device that keeps a range from tipping over. It’s about what you might imagine, and they come in a few different styles. Here’s one of them:
Do we really need these?
Anti-tip brackets are safety devices that started showing up in the late 1980s and became required by appliance manufacturers in
1991. According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, there were 38 fatalities associated with ranges tipping over between 1980 and 2008. Over half of those involved children between the ages of one and five years old. The other large age group was elderly adults using the open range door for support.
Side note: anti-tip brackets may also help to protect young adults who boldly use their range as a piece of playground equipment 😉
This is something that many home inspectors check for and recommend adding if not present. The CPSC has a nice little sheet explaining how to check for the presence and proper installation of an anti-tip bracket: https://www.cpsc.gov/PageFiles/118037/5007tips.pdf. I find a lot of missing brackets, even in new construction homes. The anti-tip bracket pictured below was attached to the drywall only, which won’t do any good.
The picture below shows a new range with the anti-tip bracket still sitting in its original packaging.
So back to question: are these required?
As I mentioned earlier, anti-tip brackets are required by manufacturers, but does this mean that they’re required by the building code? Indirectly, yes.
If we look at IRC E4101.2 (General Appliance Installation) Appliances and equipment shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Electrically heated appliances and equipment shall be installed with the required clearances to combustible materials.
Rick Watkins, Red Rock Home Inspections – Home Inspector in Las Vegas
Author: Reuben Saltzman
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